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This guide explores the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) and its important role in the Indian capital market. SEBI was created in 1988 and has been crucial in shaping and regulating India's financial landscape. We will discuss SEBI's functions, responsibilities, and contributions to the capital market, aiming to provide a resource that is informative and better than existing articles on the topic.

What is SEBI?

Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) is a regulatory body in India that oversees the securities and exchange market. It was created to regulate and improve the functioning of capital markets, protecting investors and maintaining market integrity.

Objectives of SEBI

SEBI's responsibility is to oversee and control the operations of the Indian capital market. As a regulatory authority, SEBI's goals include safeguarding the interests of investors by monitoring and regulating India's securities market. It strives to create a secure investment climate through the implementation of various rules, regulations, and investment guidelines. Additionally, another key objective is to prevent any fraudulent activities in the Indian stock market.

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Functions of SEBI

SEBI is a regulatory body with important powers. The SEBI Act of 1992 lists these powers. SEBI functions as an issuer of securities, protects investors and traders, and acts as a financial mediator. Here are some key points about SEBI's functions:

  • With the aim of ensuring the well-being of Indian investors in the securities market and fostering an unhindered growth and seamless operation of the market.
  • To provide a space for portfolio managers, bankers, stockbrokers, investment advisers, merchant bankers, registrars, share transfer agents and other professionals to connect and collaborate.
  • To control the responsibilities of depositors, credit rating agencies, securities custodians, foreign portfolio investors, and other participants.
  • To educate investors about securities markets and their intermediaries and to  also prohibit fraudulent and unfair trade practices in the securities market and related to it.
  • We monitor company takeovers and share acquisitions to keep the securities market efficient and up to date using research and development tactics.


Role of SEBI in Regulatory Framework

At the core of SEBI's operations is its formidable regulatory framework, which encompasses a multitude of functions:

1. Investor Protection

SEBI's main objective is to protect the interests of investors. It does so by implementing strict regulations, continuously monitoring activities, and promptly intervening to prevent fraudulent practices. This ensures a safe and trustworthy investment environment.

2. Market Oversight

SEBI maintains a stringent watch over every aspect of the capital market, ensuring that stock exchanges, brokers, and other market intermediaries comply with fair and transparent trading practices. By doing so, it guarantees that ethical standards are upheld by all market participants.

3. Policy Formulation

SEBI's function extends beyond being a mere observer; it actively collaborates in policy-making. The board consistently refines its regulations to align with evolving market dynamics, nurturing innovation while upholding stability.

4. Securities Regulation

SEBI plays a crucial role in overseeing the issuance and trading of securities. It establishes standards for companies entering the public market, guaranteeing that investors possess trustworthy information to aid their investment choices.

Role of SEBI in Capital Market

SEBI's presence is not merely regulatory; it has profoundly shaped the capital market in India:

1. Market Development

SEBI's intervention created different investment options like mutual funds, ETFs, and REITs. These choices give investors many opportunities to grow their wealth.

2. Transparency and Accountability

Strict disclosure regulations and corporate governance principles have made publicly traded companies more transparent and accountable. This has increased investor trust and led to more investment activity, both locally and internationally.

3. Investor Education

SEBI actively promotes investor education and awareness. It organizes workshops, seminars, and campaigns to educate investors about market risks and opportunities, helping them make informed decisions.

4. Market Innovation

SEBI has improved the market by introducing new trading methods and technologies. They are committed to innovation and have shown this by using algorithmic and electronic trading platforms.

5. Curbing Malpractices

SEBI strongly opposes fraudulent activities like insider trading and price manipulation. This has discouraged such practices and improved market integrity and ethical conduct.

Role of SEBI in Economic Growth

A robust and well-regulated capital market, thanks to SEBI's oversight, plays a pivotal role in India's economic growth:

1. Capital Mobilization

SEBI's rules help businesses raise money, grow, create jobs, and contribute to the country's economy.

2. Foreign Investment

SEBI has simplified foreign investment regulations, attracting foreign capital and promoting economic growth and infrastructure development in India.

3. Wealth Creation

SEBI oversees the capital market, which helps people grow their wealth through investments and contributes to personal and national prosperity.

What are SEBI's Mutual Funds Guidelines?

The Securities and Exchange Board of India Regulations, 1996 are rules for managing mutual funds in India. Mutual funds must register under the Trusts Act, 1882. Money market mutual funds must register with the RBI. Asset Management Companies (AMC) manage mutual funds and must be approved by SEBI. The AMC trustees must ensure mutual funds follow the rules. The guidelines also involve monitoring mutual fund performance.

  • A mutual fund sponsor, a company group, or an associate of an AMC cannot own 10% or more of the shares and voting rights in an AMC or another mutual fund. An AMC cannot have representation on another mutual fund's board.
  • In a mutual fund, a shareholder cannot own 10% or more of the total shares, either directly or indirectly.
  • In a sector or theme index, no single stock can have more than a 35% weight. In other indices, the limit is 25%.
  • The combined weight of the top three parts of the index cannot be more than 65%.
  • In order for an individual constituent to be included in the index, it is necessary for its trading frequency to be no less than 80%.
  • A minimum of 20% liquid assets such as treasury bills, government securities, cash, and repo on government securities must be included in each liquid scheme.

Every year, mutual funds must follow guidelines from the Securities and Exchange Board of India. They must publish the constituents of the indices on their websites.

SEBI's Mission

SEBI's mission is to promote the orderly and healthy growth of the securities market while protecting the interests of investors. Its efforts are aimed at creating a level playing field for all market participants and ensuring market integrity.


1. What is the Stock Exchange Board of India (SEBI)?

SEBI is the regulatory body that oversees and regulates the securities market in India, ensuring fair practices, investor protection, and maintaining market integrity.

2. What is the role of SEBI?

SEBI's primary role is to regulate and supervise various participants in the securities market, such as stockbrokers, listed companies, mutual funds, and credit rating agencies. It also aims to create a transparent and efficient market for investors.

3. How does SEBI protect investors?

SEBI protects investors through various measures such as imposing rules and regulations to prevent fraudulent activities, ensuring disclosure requirements for listed companies, promoting fair trading practices, and educating investors about their rights and responsibilities.

4. Can SEBI intervene in case of market manipulation or insider trading?

Yes, SEBI has the authority to investigate and take action against individuals or entities involved in market manipulation or insider trading. It can impose penalties, initiate legal proceedings, and even suspend or cancel licenses if necessary.

5. Does SEBI regulate foreign investments in Indian markets?

Yes, SEBI plays a crucial role in regulating foreign investments in Indian markets. It sets guidelines for foreign institutional investors (FIIs) and foreign portfolio investors (FPIs), monitors their activities, ensures compliance with investment limits, and promotes healthy capital flows into the country.

6. How can I file a complaint against a stockbroker or listed company?

If you have any complaints against a stockbroker or listed company regarding misconduct or non-compliance with regulations, you can file a complaint with SEBI through its online grievance redressal mechanism known as SCORES (Sebi Complaints Redress System).

7. Does SEBI promote investor education?

Yes, one of SEBI's objectives is to educate and create awareness among investors regarding investment products, risks associated with them, reading financial statements of companies, understanding market dynamics like equity derivatives, etc. It conducts investor education programs and produces educational materials for this purpose.

8. What are the penalties for non-compliance with SEBI regulations?

Failure to comply with SEBI regulations can result in various penalties, depending on the severity of the violation. These penalties may include monetary fines, suspension or cancellation of licenses, restriction from accessing the securities market, and even criminal prosecution in certain cases.


SEBI is important for regulating the Indian stock market. It protects investors and ensures fair trading. SEBI's rules maintain market integrity and promote investor confidence. SEBI adapts to market changes and creates a safe environment for investors. We should know SEBI's role and follow its rules for a smooth market.

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